GEM INDIA Report

GEM - INDIA Reports

In 2015/16, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) study completes 17 years of the journey to create knowledge on entrepreneurship around the world. The study has a noble mission to generate globally comparative data to understand the entrepreneurial activity. This would help identify factors determining national levels of entrepreneurial activity, as well as policies aimed at enhancing entrepreneurial activity. It measures entrepreneurship through surveys and interviews of field experts conducted by the teams in the respective countries. The GEM survey generates a variety of relevant primary information on different aspects of entrepreneurship and provides harmonised measures about individuals’ attributes and their activities in different phases of venturing (from nascent to start-up, established business, and discontinuation). This 2015/16 GEM report covers results based on 60 economies completing the Adult Population Survey (APS) and 62 economies completing the National Expert Survey (NES). The present report provides insights into entrepreneurial activities in India. The GEM India study was conducted using a well-established GEM research methodology that is consistent across all participating countries, thus enabling cross-country comparison. The APS was conducted among 3,413 samples and provides information regarding the level of entrepreneurial activity in the country based on the national framework conditions, whereas the NES was conducted on 72 national experts with an average age of 41 years. The NES focuses on entrepreneurial start-up environment in India with regard to nine entrepreneurial framework conditions (EFCs). For the detailed findings of the study, the report can be downloaded:

Year of publication: 2017
Category: National Reports
Language: English
Upload date: 24 July 2017

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GEM Study 2014 found that in India,4.1 per cent of adults are “nascent entrepreneurs” (actively involved in setting up a business), while 2.5 per cent are “new business owners” (in operation for more than 3 months but less than 42 months). Combining both these rates gives us the Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate, meaning that 6.6 per cent of the Indian adult population—or 1 in every 14 adults—is engaged in some form of early-stage entrepreneurial activity. The National Experts’ Survey reveals while the Indian economy is dynamic and the overall business climate good, there is a need to develop entrepreneurship on the margins of society to achieve inclusive growth. Furthermore, to improve levels of business sustainability, systems of entrepreneurial education, training, and development must be put into place. Comparing the perceptions among male and female respondents, fear of failure, which prevents individuals from starting a business, is similar (51% for males and 48% for females). However, female respondents have lower scores on perceived capabilities (43%) and perceived opportunities (41%) than their male counterpart. For the detailed findings of the study, the report can be downloaded:

Year of publication: 2016
Category: National Reports
Language: English
Upload date: 12 March 2016

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Entrepreneurship in India is a less desirable career choice when compared to BRIC and factor-driven economies. This, despite the fact that the recognition of entrepreneurship on the parameters of ‘high status’ and ‘media attention’ is not far below the figures of BRIC countries. While comparing regions, Western India comes across as more favorable toward entrepreneurship.While South and North India fare closer to average, Eastern India shows a conservative attitude toward entrepreneurship. In the GEM India Report 2013, the Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) is 9.9% for India. Indian TEA rate is lower than the average of efficiency-driven nations. In fact, India has the lowest TEA rate after Algeria, among all factor-driven economies (21%). The rate of business discontinuance is anticipated to be the highest in factor-driven economies. However, India’s entrepreneurial exit rate is the second lowest among all GEM countries, which is indeed a positive factor.For the detailed findings of the study, the report can be downloaded:

Year of publication: 2015
Category: National Reports
Language: English
Upload date: 15 May 2015

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The GEM India Report 2002 was published by N.S.Raghavan Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (NSRCEL) of Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore. For the findings of the study, the report can be downloaded:

Year of publication: 2003
Category: National Reports
Language: English

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The GEM India Report 2001 was published by N.S.Raghavan Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning (NSRCEL) of Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore. For the findings of the study, the report can be downloaded:

Year of publication: 2002
Category: National Reports
Language: English

Download (892 Kb)